Selenium is an open source software testing framework released under the Apache 2.0 license. It was built in 2004 by Jason Huggins and other testers at Thoughtworks. The name 'Selenium' came from an email in which Huggins mocked a competitor named 'Mercury' , saying that one can cure mercury poisoning by taking selenium supplements.
Selenium is mainly used for functional and regression testing. It is built in Java and is highly useful in web applications.
What we use at Srijan ?
- Selenium IDE
- Selenium RC
- Selenium WebDriver
Selenium IDE (Integrated Development Environment) is a Firefox extension which allows recording, editing and debugging of tests. Selenium IDE was originally created by Shinya Kasatani and donated to the Selenium project in 2006. You can record and play tests using Selenium IDE. It reduces manual effort and saves time as it can be reused while retesting.
Scripts are recorded in Selenese, a special test scripting language for Selenium. Selenese provides commands for performing actions in a browser and for retrieving data from the resulting pages.
- Easy to record and run.
- Can create and run test suites (multiple tests).
- Can apply breakpoints at any point.
- Can edit scripts manually.
- Can save test scripts as Java, C# or any other language.
- Can easily assert title of any page.
Selenium WebDriver (also known as Selenium 2) is a browser automation framework that accepts commands (in Selenese or any other language; Java in our case) and send them to a browser. It is implemented through a browser-specific driver which sends commands to a browser and retrieves results.
Why the move to Selenium WebDriver from Selenium RC ?
- Cleaner APIs in WebDriver.
- Ability to handle multiple windows and modal windows effectively.
- Ability to handle mouse hover movements.
- Ability to handle window scrolls.
- Does not require Selenium RC server to be running.
- Native automation faster and a little less prone to error and browser configuration than Selenium RC.
IDE: Eclipse Helios and JUnit
Programming language: Java for writing scripts in Selenium WebDriver
- Supports all the modern browsers (Firefox, Chrome, IE, Safari, Opera etc).
- Supports all operating systems (Windows, Linux , Mac).
- Cleaner APIs than Selenium RC.
- Object oriented programming based, hence gives accurate results.
- Can be used for Flash testing and Ajax handling
Selenium scripting is useful for handling projects which are complex and are of longer durations. Selenium is a widely used automation framework now.
Steps to configure WebDriver with Eclipse:
1. Download the latest version of WebDriver from https://code.google.com/p/selenium/downloads/list (Select the java binding file to download)
2. Download Eclipse from http://www.eclipse.org/downloads/index-helios.php
3. Download latest version of Java.
4. Extract files from the files from .zip Selenium WebDriver
5. Open Eclipse, create a new Java project .
6. Create a package under new Java project and then go to Configure build path .
8. From configure build path, click on Add external jars.
7. Add the jar files from the Selenium WebDriver folder that you have extracted.